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翡翠的种

2016年07月27日 收藏与鉴赏 评论 3 条 阅读 108 views 次
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翡翠玉的种的概念

种是翡翠的绿色与透明度的总称, 也是翡翠结构与质地的表现形式, 是评价翡翠优劣的一个极重要的标志。 懂得欣赏翡翠的人, 非常重视选择种好的翡翠,有的人似乎将种看得比颜色还重要, 故有“外行看色, 内行看种”之说。行内还有句话就是 “种好遮三丑”,指的是有种的翡翠不但可使颜色浅的翡翠显得晶莹漂亮,而且可使不够均匀的颜色由于相互映照而显得均匀, 更可使质地不够细的翡翠显得不明显。 所以有经验的行家都很注重翡翠种的优劣。 翡翠原料, 尤其是做手镯的原料,不怕没有色,就怕没有种。
1、老坑玻璃种
透明度等级最高,水头最足,起莹,按字面理解就是透明得如同玻璃一样,老坑玻璃种可以说是最高档的翡翠的称呼,当然老坑玻璃种它本身也还是有高低中档之分的。
2、冰种
透明度和水头略次于玻璃种,顾名思意,像冰一样透明,质优者常被充为玻璃种出售,属于高档翡翠。所以它也同样有高中低档之分
3、油青种
油育种翡翠是指绿色较暗的一种,颜色不是纯的绿色,掺有灰色或带一些蓝色,因此不够鲜艳,它的颜色可以由浅至深,由于它表面光泽似油脂光泽,因此称为油青种。
4、冰糯/糯种
质地介于透明与不透明,就像煮熟的糯米,我个人觉得是蛮有意思的品种,冰糯的质地也是非常漂亮的,同样分高中低档。
5、花青种
花青种指的是绿色分布呈脉状的,而又非常不规则的一种翡翠,其底色可能为淡绿色或其它颜色,质地可粗可细,例如豆底花青,它的结构晶粒较粗,称为豆底,它不 规则的颜色,有时分布较密集,也可能较疏落,可深也可浅,这类翡翠因此获称为花青种。
6、白底青种
白底青种是缅甸翡翠中分布较广泛的一种,其特征是底色一般较白,当然有时也会有一些杂质,白底青的绿色是较鲜艳的,因为底色较白更显得绿白分明,绿色部份大 多数是团块状出现。
7、芙蓉种
它的颜色一般为淡绿色,不带黄,很淡雅,看不到明显的纤维颗粒的界限.虽算不上透明,但温润而淡雅,有种脱俗的美!
8、金丝种
金丝种指的是翡翠的颜色成丝状分布,平行排列,我们可以清楚看到绿色是沿一定方向间断出现的,当然绿色的条带可粗可细。 金丝种翡翠的档次要看它绿色条带的色泽和绿色带所占的比例多少,以及质地粗细的情况而定,颜色条带粗,占面积比例大,颜色又比较鲜艳的。
9、豆种
豆种是一种非常形象的称呼,我们知道翡翠是一种多晶体,如果组成翡翠的晶体较粗,比如大于一毫米就会很容易被肉眼看到,粗的翡翠晶体多数是短柱状,当这些短柱状晶体的边界很清楚时,看起来很像一粒一粒绿豆,所以叫做豆种。 “十青九豆”可以看出豆种的广泛性了,豆种也可以进一步分为:糖豆、冰豆,细豆,粗豆..所以高档豆种价值同样是不菲的。

The concept of variety of jadeite
Kinds of green jade and transparency in general, as well as the structure and form of jade texture, jadeite evaluate the merits of a very important sign. Jade appreciate people attach great importance to select the kind of good jade, some people seem more important than the kind of color is more important, the "outsiders color, experts see variety," said. There inline sentence is "kind of a good cover three ugly", referring to the kind of jade can not only light color of jade is crystal clear beautiful, but not enough to make a uniform color due to mutual mapping and appears even more texture can fine jade seem obvious enough. So experienced experts are focusing on the merits of jade variety.

1, old crater glass variety
The highest level of transparency, the head of the most adequate, since Ying, literal understanding is obtained as transparent as glass, old crater glass kind arguably the most exclusive call jadeite, of course, the old crater glass seed itself still has high and low points of the mid-range .

2, icy variety
Transparency and head slightly inferior to glass variety name implies, transparent like ice, high quality who often charge for the sale of glass types, are high-grade jade. It also has a high middle and low points

3, oil green variety
Oil breeding jadeite green refers to a dark, color is not pure green, mixed with some gray or blue, therefore not bright, its color can be from shallow to deep, because of its shiny surface like oil sheen, so called oil green variety.

4 ice glutinous / waxy variety
Texture between transparent and opaque, like cooked rice, I personally think it is very interesting variety, ice waxy texture is very nice, the same high middle and low points.

5, anthocyanin variety
Anthocyanin variety refers to green distribution as veins, and yet a very irregular jadeite, its background may be pale green or other colors, fine texture can be rough, for example, cyanine bottom beans, its crystal structure coarse grains, beans, called the end of its irregular color, sometimes more intensive distribution, it may be more sparse, can also be shallow depth, and therefore eligible for this type of jadeite known as anthocyanin variety.

6, white green variety
White Burmese jade green variety is widely distributed one, characterized in that the general background than white, of course, sometimes there are some impurities, blue, green and white is more vivid, because even more green than white background clear white, green part of the majority of lumps appear.

7, hibiscus variety
Its color is generally pale green, without yellow, very elegant, look no obvious boundaries of the fiber particles. Although not really clear, but moist and elegant, a kind of refined beauty!

8, Watkins variety
Watkins variety refers to the jadeite color into filamentous distribution, arranged in parallel, we can clearly see the green in a certain direction is intermittent, of course, green strips may be coarse fine. Grade gold variety depends on its jadeite green color and green stripes with the proportion of the number, thickness and texture of the case may be, the color bands crude, accounting for a large proportion of the area, and relatively bright colors.

9, beans variety
Bean seeds is a very image of the title, we know that Jade is a polycrystalline, if the composition of jadeite coarse crystals, such as greater than one millimeter will be easily seen by the naked eye, most of the crude jadeite crystals are short column, when when the boundaries of these short columnar crystal clear, looks like a grain of green beans, so called bean seeds. "Ten Green nine beans" can be seen in the breadth of the beans, beans can be further divided into: jelly beans, ice beans, fine beans, beans .. so coarse high-grade beans is also worth a lot of money.imageimageimage

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